Messina is a Sicilian municipality located on the north-eastern tip of the island, surmounted by the Peloritani mountains and bathed by two seas (Ionian and Tyrrhenian), Messina has always played the role of crossroads for Sicily.
After a consistent decrease in population recorded between the censuses of 1981 and 1991, Messina has experienced, since the last decade of the 20th century, a recovery thanks to which, matured a high level of tertiarization, has begun to diversify, both urban and functional qualifications. The industry is active in the shipbuilding, chemical, engineering and food branches.
75% of the territory of Messina is in a special protection area and contains two sites of Community importance. Messina, with its strait and its characteristic lighthouse, evokes the Homeric epic, offering cultural visits and excursions. Among the main attractions are:
Farming and stockbreeding activities are still practiced in the countryside of the villages in the municipality of Messina. Among the agricultural products, the most important are citrus fruits, vines and beer. The tertiary sector is the 'driving force' of the city's economy. This is partly due to the presence of the port, which in the past was an important port of export for local products (wine, silk, and, above all, citrus derivatives) and is still an important port of call for goods (in particular, raw materials and processed materials from/to the processing industries in the area).
In 2018, the city of Messina began a development path geared towards becoming a "Smart City". Among the initiatives envisaged by the growth programme, implemented also thanks to the PON Metro European Funds, the following are particularly relevant: